Anti Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACAC) was a multilateral treaty establishing international standards for the application of intellectual property rights. The agreement aims to create an international legal framework for combating counterfeiting, generic medicines and copyright infringement on the internet and would create a new governing body outside existing forums, such as the World Trade Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization and the United Nations. ACTA establishes the ACTAC Committee in Article 36 as a separate governing body outside existing international institutions, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) or the United Nations.   Regarding the reason for not pursuing ACTA on the G8, WTO, WIPO or other existing formal structures, the European Commission states that an independent agreement offers the greatest flexibility to “continue this project among the countries concerned”, while stating that “the accession and priorities of these organisations (G8, WTO and OMPO) are simply not the most conducive to this type of rupture.”  Monika Ermert, “Anti-ACAC protests are expected in two dozen countries; Parliament Opposition Rises, Intellectual Property Watch, June 8, 2012, www.ip-watch.org/2012/06/08/anti-acta-protests-expected-in-two-dozen-countries-parliament-opposition-rises/ (called October 14, 2012). Poland has also been a major manifestation of anti-ACAC protests, and a number of Polish government websites have been hacked to criticize ACTA. :91-92 ACTA provides for enhanced international cooperation; (2) promote sound enforcement practices; and (3) a legal framework for the application of intellectual property rights in the areas of criminal law enforcement, border enforcement, civil and administrative measures and the dissemination on the Internet of material that violates intellectual property rights. With respect to the legal framework, ACTA establishes a strengthened standard based on the minimum standards of the WTO agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS).