Turkey Eu Agreement Migrants
Thousands of migrants trying to reach Europe from Turkey after opening their borders at the end of February are stranded at the border. Ankara has triggered this particular problem, but European states should nevertheless shoulder a heavier burden to help alleviate the wider crisis of forced displacement. When Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan opened his country`s border with Greece and caused chaos in the region as thousands of vulnerable people tried to reach Europe, the EU reacted predictably. He condemned Erdogan for breaching the terms of the 2016 EU-Turkey migration deal, which helped limit the flow of migrants and refugees. Turkish pressure on the EU in the US is based on migrants, geopolitical considerations. The EU-Turkey agreement has weakened regional cooperation on refugee protection and migration management. It has also made refugees and other migrants political figures and undermined the moral and legal authority of EU member states. As the European Union (EU) meets with the Turkish government to review its failed 2016 agreement, it faces a new challenge: strengthening its borders and blocking refugees and other migrants, or acknowledging that the human and political cost is too high. There were a number of legal conflicts when refugees fought against the idea that Turkey was a safe country in which they should be sent. Greek courts have often ruled in favour of the complainants because Turkey is unable to offer effective protection and because it has repeatedly deported people to conflict zones such as Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. The 2016 coup attempt and subsequent forced state of emergency have put migrants and asylum seekers at increased risk of refoulement.
Despite all this, the AGREEMENT between the EU and Turkey is maintained. Thousands of people are still trapped on the Greek islands, in a state of legal suspension. Although human rights organizations have accused it of not adequately protecting refugees, the 2016 agreement achieved one of its main goals by reducing the influx of irregular migrants into Greece from Turkey by 97%. As part of the agreement, 6 billion euros of EU funds have been spent on the needs of Syrian refugees in Turkey, including the education of more than 600,000 Syrian children of school age. At the end of February 2020, EUR 4.7 billion was allocated and EUR 3.2 billion was allocated to projects managed by UN organisations, local and international non-governmental organisations and Turkish ministries. As part of the largest humanitarian aid programme ever funded by the EU, the Emergency Social Security Assistance Network is providing cash assistance to some 1.7 million refugees. But some projects, including in the field of education, will soon be completed. Ankara lamented that the EU had been too slow to release funds and that too much money had been allocated to the overheads of international organisations, which did not concern the refugees themselves enough.